Jul 14, 2021 / By Vicente Ajenjo

What is a Bull Market? Definition & Indicators

Bull and Bear Market: Definition & Difference

However, not all long movements in the market can be characterized as bull or bear. Sometimes a market may go through a period of stagnation as it tries to find direction. In this case, a series of upward and downward movements would actually Bull and Bear Market: Definition & Difference cancel-out gains and losses resulting in a flat market trend. Kirsten Rohrs Schmitt is an accomplished professional editor, writer, proofreader, and fact-checker. She has expertise in finance, investing, real estate, and world history.

  • A dead cat bounce is a temporary recovery of asset prices from a prolonged decline or bear market that’s followed by a continuation of the downtrend.
  • A financial market which is characterised by a consistent fall in the prices of securities is called a bear market.
  • At Bullish Bears, we will help you take the first step to achieve your goal of financial freedom.
  • The bear sold a borrowed stock with a delivery date specified in the future.

It is done by borrowing the security from a broker and selling it in the market and thereafter repurchasing the security once the prices have fallen. Several aspects, such as supply and demand, change in economic activities, and investors’ psychology affect the market – whether it goes bull or bear. A bear market is a period when stocks are generally falling, and the economy is doing poorly. If the idea of a bear market coming in and wiping out years of gains makes you feel sick, then conservative investments may be right for you. These include options like cash, money market funds, CDs, and bonds. What is more, during positive economic growth, more private companies likely issue an initial public offering, and an increase in IPO activity would then further grow a bull market. Most importantly, it is difficult to know “when” the markets have changed from bullish to bearish.

Why is it called a bull market?

Eventually, investors begin to find stocks attractively priced and start buying, officially ending the bear market. Investor psychology and crypto market performance are closely linked. In the long term, the markets “weigh” the substance of the underlying cash flows and value. During bull market trends, investors become overly optimistic about the future bid up prices beyond the reasonable aspects of the underlying value. The opposite is also true, as “nothing has value” during bear markets. This is why markets “trend” over time as excesses in valuations, in both directions, are reverted to, and beyond, the long-term means.

Bull and Bear Market: Definition & Difference

Originally, the term ‘bull’ referred to a speculative purchase made in the hope that stock prices would increase; the name was then given to the individual who made such purchases. In https://www.bigshotrading.info/ a bullish market, the market indicators are very strong and vice versa in a bearish market. It is an indicator measuring the number of stocks increasing versus those which are falling.

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After several investors bought stocks in dot-com companies, supply began to overtake demand. Share prices dropped as the Internet created buzz made investors hedge their bets and pour money into dot-com tech start-ups, which might have looked better on paper than in reality. Businesses went public without a proper business plan, product, or record of profitability yet still managed to secure investments. High investor confidence in line with a stable economy will help the market to grow. Bull market and bear market are terms frequently used to describe the ups and downs of the stock market. A bullish market represents rising stock prices, as it symbolically charges ahead with confidence. Conversely, a bearish market represents declining stock prices, as it symbolically retreats down into hibernation.

The S&P 500 has had more than 50 new highs in 2021 alone, and the Dow Jones Industrial Average has had numerous itself. This signifies we’re in a bull market as the stock market today is one of the strongest ones of all time, explains Liz Young, a CFA and head of investment strategy at SoFi. Some of the indicators include moving averages, the bullish and bearish percentage index and the volatility index . When a bull market is happening there is general optimism among investors that prices will rise further, with the amount of buyers overwhelming the amount of sellers.


Rising prices indicate a bullish market sentiment, whereas falling prices would show a bearish market sentiment. When the stock market is dominated by bulls, the economy grows, while, if the bears dominate the market, the economy declines. Have a glimpse of the article provided to you below, to understand the differences between bull and bear market.

When the price of the security is high, you’ll buy a lower number of shares, and when it’s low, you’ll buy a higher number of shares. When you’re going after stocks that are performing well, and constantly shift your strategy or buy and sell frequently, that could actually hurt your odds of losing in the stock market. “You’re chasing a moving target, and you’re increasing your chances of being wrong,” says Young. When acquiring our derivative products you have no entitlement, right or obligation to the underlying financial asset. AxiTrader is not a financial adviser and all services are provided on an execution only basis. Information is of a general nature only and does not consider your financial objectives, needs or personal circumstances.

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